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World’s and Romania’s Food Safety Insurance: What Could the Romania’s Agriculture Do, From the Plain to the Mountain, in Order to Feed its Population and the World Population in 2050

Mihai BERCA1, Valentina Ofelia ROBESCU2, Cristiana Silvia BUZATU1
1 University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, ROMANIA
2 Valahia University of Târgoviste, Târgovişte, ROMANIA
Pages: 13-26

Abstract. Taking into account the reality that, under the current prognosis functions, in 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.3 billion and that 1-1.3 billions of people live in chronic starvation in present, but also the fact that Romania cannot feed more than 40% of the population, by her own agricultural production, the study aims to seek solutions for the world’s, Europe’s and Romania’s population nutrition, reaching the following conclusions: Western Europe can increase its agricultural production with maximum 8% in this period, real production potential being achieved. Instead, by the simple process of elimination by only 50% of the huge waste of food, it could contribute to the nutrition of approximately 2 billion people. However, Europe can bring an important contribution to the world nutrition through technological and educational transfers to the 3rd world countries that need food. The analysis of Romania’s agricultural achievements in the 1st decade of the 21st century shows that the balance of agricultural and food production is significantly negative compared to its potential, whereas some production resources such as mountain grasslands, with an equivalent 5 kg/ha current production, practically can’t be taken into consideration.

K e y w o r d s:  agricultural products, rural development, mountain development, prognosis, food safety