Sustainable Rural Development in the North Andes
Mirosława CZERNY1, Hildegardo CÓRDOVA AGUILAR2, Andrzej CZERNY3, Anna RZUCIDŁO3
1 University of Warsaw, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, Warsaw, POLAND
2 Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Centro de Investigación en Geografía Aplicada (CIGA), Lima, PERÚ
3 Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Department of Cartography and Geomatics, Lublin, POLAND
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Abstract. The development of rural areas in mountainous regions of South America has been subject of research and discussion, not only among the academics, but also – and above all – among politicians. The influence of global economic and social processes is likewise ensuring that South American rural mountainous areas are more likely to join up the global networks via which goods are distributed and traded. However, many difficulties and barriers have been met with on the way, and these will need to be dealt with at the local level. Since the 1980s, rural environment in South America has experienced major changes, and these changes have been brought about by the need to adjust political strategies to new global conditions of sustainable development. New strategies of development adopted by inhabitants and political elites have not always proved effective in the face of long-term neglection over the integration of local markets for small producers with their national and international counterparts, and this generates a situation in which local agricultural markets find themselves in circumstances of neglect and uncertainty. So, how can sustainable development strategy be performed in this situation?
K e y w o r d s: sustainable rural development, development barriers, South America, Peru, social periphery