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The Traditional Architecture in the Function of Planning and Development of Rural Mountain Areas in Serbia as Tourist Destinations

1 University of Belgrade, Faculty of Geography, Belgrad, SERBIA
Pages: 85-95

Abstract. National architecture has a special tourist value because it shows individual construction, which is authentic, original and rare. Traditional houses, economic facilities and wooden churches are very important in the tourism of rural mountain areas in Serbia. This paper analyzes the problems of harmonizing the protection and restoration of monuments of folk architecture with their arrangements. Folk architecture aspects as tourist values are presented through examples from other countries. Different ways of connecting the various legal, planning and tourism regulations relating to the national construction have been suggested. There are pointed out the factors which are considered in the activation of folk architecture in Serbian rural mountain areas. The relationship between national construction, protection, development and tourism functions has been analyzed. Due to the historical and ethnographic research in Serbia, the national architecture restoration activities have been undertaken. It is necessary to continue the process of studying these types of monuments, the relocation of threatened structures, the reconstruction outside of the original placement or conservation "in situ". The values of the national heritage and their cultural roles are displayed in the forming of an open air museum. Tourism contributes to increased interest in the monuments of folk architecture, which is manifested in the tendency to expand the network of museums (open-air museums). The above statement has been used in the most modern attempts to preserve the local characteristics of mountain villages.

K e y w o r d s: national architecture, conservation, tourism, planning, village, mountain, Serbia