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From Segregation to Integration of New Developments in Historic Contexts: Rural Texture in Iran

Azadeh LAK1, Reihaneh AGHAMOLAEI2, Eftekhar AZIZKHANI1
1 Shahid Beheshti University, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Department of Regional, Urban Planning and Design, Tehran, IRAN
2 University of Tehran, College of Fine Arts, Tehran, IRAN

Abstract. During the last century, the rapid growth in human settlements has caused the fragmentation of spatial structure of urban and rural areas. This study explores the dimensions of physical integration between the new and old developments of human settlements. In this regard, a mixed-method was applied for Qehi village as a historic place in two steps. In Phase 1, some 20 residents were asked to discuss their perception about physical integration between the old and new parts of their settlement. Then, a 16-item questionnaire was developed based on the interview responses, literature review and field observations. In Phase 2, the self-reported questionnaire was incorporated into the results of interview with 34 architects, urban planners and designers that worked in the Qehi development project. The experts’ insights were analyzed and fitted into 4 effective categories of physical integration. Finally, the validity of above mentioned dimensions was conducted by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in SPSS and AMOS. This paper illustrates the confirmed dimensions, namely Connectivity, Anchor points' continuity, Continuity of the place identity, and Quality of life for the physical integration. The findings of this research can be applied as a model for new developments especially in the case of rural settlements.

K e y w o r d s:  rural texture, integration, development, segregation, Iran