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Transformative Actions towards Sustainable Development. The Case of Boscoreale Municipality, Italy

Floriana ZUCARO*1, Gerardo CARPENTIERI1
* Corresponding author
1University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Naples, ITALY

Pages: 111-119

Abstract. This paper describes the outcomes of the technical-scientific consulting activity carried out by the Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering to draft the Municipal Master Plan of Boscoreale in Campania Region (South of Italy). The Boscoreale case study is significant because this city is located on the slopes of Vesuvius, in an area with a great tourism potential, which is also characterized by high risks due not only to the volcano, but also to pollution and hydrogeological phenomena, and yet compromised in terms of urban, landscape and environmental planning. The proposed methodology developed in our study aims to provide local authorities support in planning and decision-making, especially in the process of dividing the municipal territory into homogeneous urban areas, to define the compatible transformations for each area. The theoretical basis of the methodology is to identify a flexible set of potential transformations, rather than a fixed transformation structure, considering that the evolution of the urban system can be potentially affected by unexpected events. The methodology is intended to define a range of physical configurations in order to protect both the available resources and the existing uses within each area and the surrounding territory. Results show that the set of possible transformations is oriented to optimize land use, for instance, uncompressing areas where urban activities have disproportionately impoverished soil’s resources and transforming areas with no agricultural and natural value. In conclusion, the range of compatible and suitable transformations of the areas of the city is defined by a procedure that allows us identify those alternatives of transformation that result to be practicable according to the environmental, historical, geomorphological compatibility as well as to the "demand" expressed in the urban context of reference.

K e y w o r d s:  sustainable land use, urban planning, urban resilience, transformative action, municipal master plan (PUC)