Abstract 01JSSP012024

Determining Small Towns’ Status Based on Their Basic Public Service Level. The Case of Mongolia

* Corresponding author
1 University of Pécs, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Department of Human Geography and Urban Studies, Pécs, HUNGARY
E-mail: tsuvk2@tr.pte.hu; ORCID: 0009-0001-7017-1337
E-mail: pirisi.gabor@pte.hu; ORCID: 0000-0003-0179-3228
Pages: 1-10. DOI: 10.24193/JSSP.2024.1.01
: 21 November 2023
Received in revised form
: 16 February 2024
Accepted for publication
: 18 April 2024
Available online
: 28 April 2024

Cite: Enkhtamir N., Pirisi G. (2024), Determining Small Towns’ Status Based on Their Basic Public Service Level. The Case of Mongolia. Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, 15(1), 1-10. DOI: 10.24193/JSSP.2024.1.01

Abstract. Small towns are widely recognized as key drivers in rural sustainable development, primarily by offering essential public services to residents in remote areas, thereby playing a pivotal role in promoting rural sustainability. Research endeavors focusing on small towns and rural regions of Mongolia are infrequent, with the majority of existing studies and reports predominantly rendered in the national language. This linguistic barrier significantly impedes the facilitation of international-level research in these areas. The current study is designed to address this gap by conducting a detailed analysis aimed at identifying small towns within local administrative units. This identification is predicated on an evaluation of their essential functions and activities, utilizing national statistical data from 21 provinces across Mongolia. The approach is geared towards understanding the unique characteristics and roles of these towns within the broader context of rural development and governance. The results show that soum centers are the main destination for access to daily necessities, agricultural trades, non-farm employment, basic education, and minor medical treatment for remote rural residents and serve as small towns. The varied functions of small towns are influenced by socioeconomic factors, urban proximity, and infrastructure. The research findings will enhance our knowledge of the functions of small towns within the rural hierarchy in Mongolia.

K e y w o r d s: administrative unit, Mongolia, rural settlements, public services, small towns, soum center